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Border Immigration

Updated: Aug 1, 2019

by Christopher Ortiz

The New York Times reported that four hundred immigrant men were detained at the US-Mexico border, cramped in cages with no space to lie down and sleep. NBC News stated many children and women, who have left their homes because of violence or persecution, have experienced either sexual assault, domestic violence, or rape during their trip to the border or when they arrived at the border. Approximately, a dozen men have died at the hands of Immigration and Customs Enforcement, said Neil Vigdor, reporter for the NY Times. He also said that children, who are at the detention centers on the border, were interviewed by Vice President Mike Pence. Vice President Pence said that they were given food, but they did not have a place to be sanitized. Many people see this as a problem that needs to be solved immediately, but there are others who do not think the same. 

In 1882, the Immigration Act was put in place. This was considered the first immigration law in the United States. In 2003, Immigration and Customs Enforcement, or ICE, was founded by former President, George W. Bush. Since then, the immigration rules have become more rigor. Immigrants were being detained at the border. There were reinforcements made on the southern wall that separates Texas and Mexico, trying to prevent anyone from coming over to the US. New laws have been implemented to prevent more and more immigrants from coming to the United States.

While most apprehensions do happen at the southern border, there are still many cases where people try to enter the United States through the northern border or by the coastal border. Our current President, Donald J. Trump, has been calling the immigrants, mostly coming from Latin American countries, as “an invasion”. It is like we are a different type of species that has a disease and he doesn’t want us anywhere near him. 

In 2018, there was a caravan that was coming to the United States border. In this caravan, there were people who were Houndrians, Salvadorans, and Guatemalan. They all started to gather up and headed across Mexico and to the US-Mexico border. Once again, Trump used the term, “invasion” on this caravan. 

There are many reasons why immigrants come to the United States. In 2015, a study was made by USA Facts to determine why immigrants come to the United States. Here are the results: 1,171,454 immigrants come for work; 1,021,539 come to be with their family, 987,894 come for educational purposes; and 250,199 immigrants come for protection. Protection in this case is protection from the government, or protection from any type of violence. These are not the current numbers, since the study was made in 2015, so the numbers could be higher or lower now. 

According to BBC News, the year President Trump became president, the number of border apprehensions dropped, but the following year, the apprehension rates rose again. Immigrants don’t come to the United States to take over, but to survive. The immigrants could barely survive in their former country, so in order to live, they come to the US to find a better future. The US provides many opportunities for jobs and education that other countries do not provide, so the outcome.....people coming to America.

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